Flamenco Dictionary Terms: R - Z

Flamenco Dictionary Terms: R - Z

Terms:     A - E     F - J     L - P     R - Z

 

R

Rasgueo – strum; as in to strum the guitar.

 

S

Sacromonte – neighborhood or barrio in Granada which is also famous for flamenco performances in gypsy caves.

 

Saeta – Saetas are traditional Spanish Catholic songs which are most often sung during Holy Week (Semana Santa) in the form of an a capella / serenade to the image of the Virgin Mary or Jesus.  The passionate singing perhaps includes influences from Arabic and Hebraic styles, with some drawing comparisons to the singing of the traditional call to prayer in the Muslim world. The saeta is a passionate show of religious devotion.

 

Sevillanas – Sevillanas derived from traditional Spanish folk song and dance and evolved in the south of Spain over the years.  The music and dance are extremely popular in Sevilla during the Feria de Abril (April Fair), as well as enjoyed in much of Andalucia during the various annual fairs.  The style is more festive, upbeat and positive and thus is popular for regional fairs where a celebratory atmosphere is the top priority.

 

Siguiriyas – Is one of the most important styles of flamenco music.  Belonging to the cante jondo family, this is a deep and solemn type of song.  Siguiriyas, together with Soleá, are two of the most important forms of flamenco today.  Many of the most traditional and popular flamenco songs come from these two families of styles.

 

Soleá – Soleá, (Soleares plural) originates from southern Andalucia and is a popular style of flamenco which demands a gifted singer accompanied by one guitar player.  Lyrics are of personal anguish and passion which the singer transmits through melody and an interchanging of strong and lilting vocals, best accompanied by a solemn face.  Soleá has several sub styles linked to different towns and cities, which are classified as “soleares de…” Triana (Seville), Cadiz, and Jerez, as well as Utrera, Alcalá and Lebrija (province of Seville).  All have different regional variations.

 

T

Tablao – modern day version of the café cantante, a venue dedicated to live flamenco shows.

 

Tacon – heel of the shoe

 

Taconeo – fast, rhythmic footwork of the flamenco dancer./  This can reach amazing speeds and when done well is the mark of an excellent dancer.

 

Tocaor / Tocaora  – guitar player (male / female)

 

Toque – the act of flamenco guitar playing

 

Tonás - Tonas is considered to be one of the oldest forms of flamenco song.  This a cappella (voice only) style was revived in the 50s and remains a popular form today.

 

Traje – flamenco dress, as in “traje flamenco”.

 

V

Verdiales – Verdiales are a version of fandangos.  The musical style comes from Almogia, close to Malaga.

 

Villancicos – Spanish Christmas carols with what seem like hints of flamenco.  However, the music and singing have their origins in Spanish folk music.

 

Z

Zapato – shoe